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I England holdt man en jamboree i Wembley for spejdere fra det britiske imperie. Den fandt sted 1. - 8. august 1924 og lå i forbindelse med det britiske imperies udstilling, der blev afholdt 1924-1925 for at fremme handelen med de 58 kolonilande<ref>https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Empire_Exhibition</ref>. Der deltog ca. 1000 spejdere fra 25 af commonwealthlandene og de britiske kolonier, og omkring 10.000 spejdere fra Storbrittanien.
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I [[England]] holdt man en [[jamboree]] i Wembley for spejdere fra det britiske imperie. Den fandt sted [[1. august|1.]] - [[8. august]] [[1924]] og lå i forbindelse med det britiske imperies udstilling, der blev afholdt 1924-1925 for at fremme handelen med de 58 kolonilande<ref>https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Empire_Exhibition</ref>. Der deltog ca. 1000 spejdere fra 25 af commonwealthlandene og de britiske kolonier, og omkring 10.000 spejdere fra Storbritannien.  
  
Dette sikrede en bred international repræsentation på jamboreen i Danmark, da de mange udlændinge alligevel var 'i nærheden'.
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Det var til dato den største spejderlejr, og den sikrede en bred international repræsentation på [[2. verdensjamboree|jamboreen]] i [[Danmark]] ugen efter, da de mange udlændinge alligevel var 'i nærheden'.
  
Great Britain held an Imperial Jamboree at Wembley, Middlesex at the beginning of August 1924, in connection with the British Empire Exhibition. Over 1,000 Scouts from 25 parts of the Commonwealth and Empire accepted the invitation. 10,000 Scouts were present from the United Kingdom. The displays and ceremonies took place in Wembley Stadium. The Scouts were camped nearby in Wembley Paddocks in very cramped quarters. The Prince of Wales witnessed the displays in the stadium, presided at a campfire and stayed the night at a tent in the Paddocks. On different days the chief guests in the stadium were the Duke of York and [[Rudyard Kipling]], on the Wolf Cubs' Day, when he saw how parts of his ''Jungle Books'' were dramatized and used to bring atmosphere and interest into the Cub program.
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Spejdernes opvisninger og ceremonier blev afholdt i Wembley Stadion. Spejderne havde slået lejr i nærheden i Wembley Paddocks under trange kår. Prinsen af Wales (tronfølgeren, den senere engelske konge [[Edward 8.]]) overværede en del af opvisningerne, deltog ved et lejrbål og overnattede faktisk i telt en nat i lejren. På andre tidspunkter blev lejren og opvisningerne besøgt af bl.a. the Duke of York (den senere engelske konge George 6., Dronning Elisabeths far) og forfatteren [[Rudyard Kipling]], der på ulveungernes dag fik set optrin fra [[Junglebogen]] og hvordan bogens univers bidrog til at gøre ulveungernes arbejde spændende og interessant.
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Although the Wembley Jamboree had a smattering of foreign Scout visitors, it was not a part of  the  world  Scout  history.  It  did,  however,  help  to  provide  a  wider  variety  of  members  at  the Second  World  Jamboree  in  Denmark  which  immediately  succeeded  it.  The  site  of  the  Jamboree  was at Ermelunden, a few miles north of Copenhagen. Denmark is a comparatively small country with  a  comparatively  small  Scout  population.  Doubts  were  expressed  beforehand  as  to  whether  it  would  be  possible  for  the Danish  Scouts  to  make  a  success  of  the  undertaking.  The  main  host  was 
 +
Christian  Holm,  President  of  Det  Danske  Spejderkorps,  whose  daughter  became  known  as  ‘Kim’,  Friend  of all  the  World.  The  three  Scouters  responsible  for  the  preparation,  organisation  and  administration  had  barely  come  to  full  manhood,  but  they  made  a  brilliant  success  of  a  World  Jamboree,  through  its  atmosphere,  friendliness  and  spirit.  It  could  be  characterised  as  a  World  Scout Party enjoyed by all. Ove Holm was the Organising Secretary and Administrator, Jens Hvass the Camp Chief, and Tage Carstensen in charge of all international aspects.
 +
 
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I  christened  them  the  ‘Three  Musketeers’,  and  we  have  remained  close  friends  ever  since.  Ove  Holm, of whom I have already written, is the Chief Scout of Det Danske Spejderkorps. He was for many  years  a  Member  of  the  international  Committee  and  Chairman  of  its  Finance  SubCommittee, and was awarded the Bronze Wolf in 1949.
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Jens Hvass, a State forester, is Divisional Scout Commissioner in North Jutland, and was for many years Commissioner for Training and a Deputy Camp Chief for that purpose. He conceived the idea of Jamborettes, and was awarded the Bronze Wolf in 1957. Tage Carstensen has retired from the legal profession and is a landowner in Jutland:  he  remained  International  Commissioner  for  many  years  and  founded  the  Scout  Blood  Transfusion Service, which celebrated its Jubilee in 1957 and of which he continues to be Chairman.
 +
This  is  a  record  of  which  any  country  can  be  proud,  and  illustrates  that  Scouting  is  not  just  an 
 +
incident in a man’s life, but, as often as not, continues with him for the whole of his lifetime.
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The  Second  World  Jamboree  was  officially  opened  on  August l0th  by  Rear-Admiral  Carl  Carstensen,  acting  as  the  personal  representative  of  King  Christian  X.  Although  not  connected  with the Scout Movement before, he took to it as a duck to water. B.-P. said of him at the end that daily  he  had  watched  his  blue  naval  trousers  getting  shorter  and  shorter.  The  two  struck  up  a  personal  friendship, and  it  is  reported  that  when  B.-P.  was  on  the  Baltic  cruise  in 1933  he  sent  a  telegram to the Admiral asking him to meet him.
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Carstensen was in attendance on King Christian. He showed him the telegram, and said: ‘My other Chief has sent for me.’ He went.
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At the Paris Conference it had been arranged that Francis Gidney should act as Chief Judge of the  International  Scout  Competition  that  was  to  be  staged  during  the  Jamboree.  When  the  time  came, I was asked to take his place, and arrived at Ermelunden on the night before the opening to find everyone working at full pressure and visualising a sleepless night. In the morning everything was ready. Compared with subsequent Jamborees, numbers were small, just over 5,000, but this is perhaps  why  it  was  all  so  successful.  Fourteen  countries  had  entered  composite  Troops  for  the  World  Scout  Championship.  It  carried  on  right  through  the  whole  week  of the camp  and  was  a  good test of scoutcraft and stamina. The items consisted of turn-out (including camp equipment), camp-craft,  camp  hygiene,  camp  routine  (discipline,  punctuality,  good  behaviour,  etc.),  camp-fire  entertainment, songs and yells, folk-dancing, swimming, two separate indi
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vidual Scout contests in handcraft  and  ingenuity,  a  Patrol  obstacle  race  and a  24-hour  Patrol  hike.  It  was  a  good  all-over  test  of  Scout  ability  and  training,  and  of  great  value  as  a  demonstration,  particularly  at  this  period of Scouting’s life. Everything was carried out in the best possible spirit; but it was decided, on my recommendation, at the 1926 Conference that the Championship should not be repeated, as it carried with it the possible dangers of over-nationalisation, the reverse of international goodwill and  Scout  Brotherhood.  As  is  only  too  apparent  from  time  to  time,  international  sporting  competitions suffer from these same dangers.  
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The  Championship  was  deservedly  won  by  the  Boy  Scouts  of  America, whose  Troop  –  in  modern parlance – consisted of Scouts with a higher I.Q. than the others. Great Britain came second and Hungary third, with a good record of practical scoutcraft. My duties as Chief Judge were of a supervisory  character,  and  as  a  referee  when  the  Danish  judges 
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disagreed.  I  found  I  had  also  to  watch  some  of  their  awards  to  the  British  Troop,  so  as  to  offset  their  natural  assumption  that  British  Scouting  must  be  the  best,  as  the Movement  started  in  that  country,  and  B.-P.  was  bom  there. All  this  meant  that  I  was  continually  about  the  camp  and  its  neighbourhood  all  day,  and  most  of  the  night  at  times.  The Cambridge  University  Rover  Scout  crew  observed  this,  and  told 
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me that any time I passed by their little camp there would always be something for me to eat and drink. And it was so. When I landed at Rangoon in 1952 I was met by a Burmese barrister who had been part of the Rover Scout crew at Ermelunden; he said that his job there had been to see that there was always a clean knife, fork and spoon ready for me. Others of that little band are also still connected with Scouting in one way or another.
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B.-P.  arrived  in  Copenhagen  a  day  or  two  after the  Jamboree  opened.  He  was  received  by  a  welcoming parade of all the Scouts in the Stadium. Just as he began to speak, the rain came down in torrents and everyone was soaked. The nickname given him of Baden Mester (the Danish for Bath Superintendent) was only too descriptive then and afterwards. We returned to the camp to find it a lake,  with  tents  down  and  standing  water  everywhere.  The people  of  Copenhagen  came  to  the 
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rescue spontaneously, and practically everyone was carried off to a dry house for the night. My hike tent in the competition area was still standing. I slung my bedding out of a puddle on to the drier side  and  disappeared  between  the 
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blankets,  to  wake  twelve  hours  later  with  the  sun  shining  and  practically everything dry again.
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On the final Sunday the Scouts were inspected near the Royal Hunting Lodge by King Christian in pouring rain, and that after
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noon the Chief Scout of the World presented the Competition prizes (held by their winners for all time).
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''I have seen great numbers of Scouts in my life,'' B.-P. said,''but I have never seen any as wet as you are!''
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Other  memories  are  of  the  Gilwell  Reunion  –  the  first  at  an  international  gathering  –  of  being  carried  off  uncomfortably  shoulder-high  by  the  Egyptians,  of the  splendidly  tuneful  and  colourful  camp-fires under the beech trees in Ulvedalen, led so brilliantly in many different tongues by Sven Knudsen,  and  of  the friendliness  of  everyone,  Scouts,  Scouters  and  visitors.  It  was  a  demonstration, more  even  than  Olympia  could  have  been,  of  the  Law  that  ‘A  Scout  is  a  Friend  to  all  and  a  Brother to every other Scout.’ If I have dealt at such length with the Second World Jamboree, it is because it was a prophecy of things to come, and well merited B.-P.’s final judgment:
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Copenhagen 1924 will always stand out in my mind as a tangible example of the Scout spirit in practice; as  a  big  step  forward  in-International  Scouting;  and  –  above  all  –  as  a straw  showing  that  the  wind  is blowing quietly, but none the less surely, in the right direction.
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The Third International Conference was held in the Town Hall in. Copenhagen, when the Scouts were enjoying the hospitality of their Danish hosts in their homes. This, again, has been a  feature  of  most,  if  not  all,  subsequent  Jamborees,  and  adds  greatly  to  their  educational  value.  Thirty-two  countries  were  represented  at  the Conference,  which  was  also  opened  by Rear-Admiral Carstensen in his breezy manner.
 +
Two  important  resolutions  were passed  which  were  to  guide  and  guard  World  Scouting  down the years. These signposts still stand. First, and all-important:
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The Scout Movement has no tendency to weaken, but, on the contrary, to strengthen individual religious belief. The Scout Law requires that a Scout shall truly and sincerely practise his religion, and the policy of the Movement forbids any kind of sectarian propaganda at gatherings of mixed faiths.
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The second outlined an important matter of policy and procedure:
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This  Conference  desires  to  emphasise  that  in  pursuance  of  the  main  object  of  the  International  Bureau, 
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applications from national Boy Scout organisations for registration are not only welcomed, but cordially invited.  To  preserve  the essential  unity  of the  world  Boy  Scout  Movement  and to  ensure  that  the  world Movement  shall  have  as  its  unalterable  foundation  the  recognition  of  Scout  Brotherhood,  regardless  of  race, creed or class, certain conditions are essential. It is the sense of this Conference that the International Committee,  in  adjudicating  on  applications  for  registration,  apart  from  compliance  with  ordinary  conditions, should in so far as possible insist:
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(a) that  where  more  than  one  organisation  exists  there  shall  be  a  federation  based  on the  common  Scout objective;
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(b)  that  there  should  be  no  discrimination  as  to  admission  to  membership  to  fellow  subjects  or  citizens for any reason of race, creed or politics.
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In the wording may be detected the hand or voice of James E. West, Chief Scout Executive of the Boy  Scouts  of  America  from  its  foundation.  He  acted  as  Chairman  of  the  Conference  Resolutions Committee right through to 1939, when he
 +
was elected a Member of the International Committee.
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== Kilder og eksterne henvisninger ==
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* [[John S. Wilson]]:''Scouting round the world''
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* [https://www.pinetreeweb.com/1924-imperial.html R. H. Kiernan: ''Baden-Powell'', 1939 via Pinetreeweb]
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{{reflist}}
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[[Kategori:Lejre i Storbritannien]]

Nuværende version fra 30. jul 2019, 11:40

I England holdt man en jamboree i Wembley for spejdere fra det britiske imperie. Den fandt sted 1. - 8. august 1924 og lå i forbindelse med det britiske imperies udstilling, der blev afholdt 1924-1925 for at fremme handelen med de 58 kolonilande[1]. Der deltog ca. 1000 spejdere fra 25 af commonwealthlandene og de britiske kolonier, og omkring 10.000 spejdere fra Storbritannien.

Det var til dato den største spejderlejr, og den sikrede en bred international repræsentation på jamboreen i Danmark ugen efter, da de mange udlændinge alligevel var 'i nærheden'.

Spejdernes opvisninger og ceremonier blev afholdt i Wembley Stadion. Spejderne havde slået lejr i nærheden i Wembley Paddocks under trange kår. Prinsen af Wales (tronfølgeren, den senere engelske konge Edward 8.) overværede en del af opvisningerne, deltog ved et lejrbål og overnattede faktisk i telt en nat i lejren. På andre tidspunkter blev lejren og opvisningerne besøgt af bl.a. the Duke of York (den senere engelske konge George 6., Dronning Elisabeths far) og forfatteren Rudyard Kipling, der på ulveungernes dag fik set optrin fra Junglebogen og hvordan bogens univers bidrog til at gøre ulveungernes arbejde spændende og interessant.






Although the Wembley Jamboree had a smattering of foreign Scout visitors, it was not a part of the world Scout history. It did, however, help to provide a wider variety of members at the Second World Jamboree in Denmark which immediately succeeded it. The site of the Jamboree was at Ermelunden, a few miles north of Copenhagen. Denmark is a comparatively small country with a comparatively small Scout population. Doubts were expressed beforehand as to whether it would be possible for the Danish Scouts to make a success of the undertaking. The main host was Christian Holm, President of Det Danske Spejderkorps, whose daughter became known as ‘Kim’, Friend of all the World. The three Scouters responsible for the preparation, organisation and administration had barely come to full manhood, but they made a brilliant success of a World Jamboree, through its atmosphere, friendliness and spirit. It could be characterised as a World Scout Party enjoyed by all. Ove Holm was the Organising Secretary and Administrator, Jens Hvass the Camp Chief, and Tage Carstensen in charge of all international aspects.

I christened them the ‘Three Musketeers’, and we have remained close friends ever since. Ove Holm, of whom I have already written, is the Chief Scout of Det Danske Spejderkorps. He was for many years a Member of the international Committee and Chairman of its Finance SubCommittee, and was awarded the Bronze Wolf in 1949. Jens Hvass, a State forester, is Divisional Scout Commissioner in North Jutland, and was for many years Commissioner for Training and a Deputy Camp Chief for that purpose. He conceived the idea of Jamborettes, and was awarded the Bronze Wolf in 1957. Tage Carstensen has retired from the legal profession and is a landowner in Jutland: he remained International Commissioner for many years and founded the Scout Blood Transfusion Service, which celebrated its Jubilee in 1957 and of which he continues to be Chairman. This is a record of which any country can be proud, and illustrates that Scouting is not just an incident in a man’s life, but, as often as not, continues with him for the whole of his lifetime. The Second World Jamboree was officially opened on August l0th by Rear-Admiral Carl Carstensen, acting as the personal representative of King Christian X. Although not connected with the Scout Movement before, he took to it as a duck to water. B.-P. said of him at the end that daily he had watched his blue naval trousers getting shorter and shorter. The two struck up a personal friendship, and it is reported that when B.-P. was on the Baltic cruise in 1933 he sent a telegram to the Admiral asking him to meet him. Carstensen was in attendance on King Christian. He showed him the telegram, and said: ‘My other Chief has sent for me.’ He went.

At the Paris Conference it had been arranged that Francis Gidney should act as Chief Judge of the International Scout Competition that was to be staged during the Jamboree. When the time came, I was asked to take his place, and arrived at Ermelunden on the night before the opening to find everyone working at full pressure and visualising a sleepless night. In the morning everything was ready. Compared with subsequent Jamborees, numbers were small, just over 5,000, but this is perhaps why it was all so successful. Fourteen countries had entered composite Troops for the World Scout Championship. It carried on right through the whole week of the camp and was a good test of scoutcraft and stamina. The items consisted of turn-out (including camp equipment), camp-craft, camp hygiene, camp routine (discipline, punctuality, good behaviour, etc.), camp-fire entertainment, songs and yells, folk-dancing, swimming, two separate indi vidual Scout contests in handcraft and ingenuity, a Patrol obstacle race and a 24-hour Patrol hike. It was a good all-over test of Scout ability and training, and of great value as a demonstration, particularly at this period of Scouting’s life. Everything was carried out in the best possible spirit; but it was decided, on my recommendation, at the 1926 Conference that the Championship should not be repeated, as it carried with it the possible dangers of over-nationalisation, the reverse of international goodwill and Scout Brotherhood. As is only too apparent from time to time, international sporting competitions suffer from these same dangers. The Championship was deservedly won by the Boy Scouts of America, whose Troop – in modern parlance – consisted of Scouts with a higher I.Q. than the others. Great Britain came second and Hungary third, with a good record of practical scoutcraft. My duties as Chief Judge were of a supervisory character, and as a referee when the Danish judges disagreed. I found I had also to watch some of their awards to the British Troop, so as to offset their natural assumption that British Scouting must be the best, as the Movement started in that country, and B.-P. was bom there. All this meant that I was continually about the camp and its neighbourhood all day, and most of the night at times. The Cambridge University Rover Scout crew observed this, and told me that any time I passed by their little camp there would always be something for me to eat and drink. And it was so. When I landed at Rangoon in 1952 I was met by a Burmese barrister who had been part of the Rover Scout crew at Ermelunden; he said that his job there had been to see that there was always a clean knife, fork and spoon ready for me. Others of that little band are also still connected with Scouting in one way or another.

B.-P. arrived in Copenhagen a day or two after the Jamboree opened. He was received by a welcoming parade of all the Scouts in the Stadium. Just as he began to speak, the rain came down in torrents and everyone was soaked. The nickname given him of Baden Mester (the Danish for Bath Superintendent) was only too descriptive then and afterwards. We returned to the camp to find it a lake, with tents down and standing water everywhere. The people of Copenhagen came to the rescue spontaneously, and practically everyone was carried off to a dry house for the night. My hike tent in the competition area was still standing. I slung my bedding out of a puddle on to the drier side and disappeared between the blankets, to wake twelve hours later with the sun shining and practically everything dry again. On the final Sunday the Scouts were inspected near the Royal Hunting Lodge by King Christian in pouring rain, and that after noon the Chief Scout of the World presented the Competition prizes (held by their winners for all time).

I have seen great numbers of Scouts in my life, B.-P. said,but I have never seen any as wet as you are!

Other memories are of the Gilwell Reunion – the first at an international gathering – of being carried off uncomfortably shoulder-high by the Egyptians, of the splendidly tuneful and colourful camp-fires under the beech trees in Ulvedalen, led so brilliantly in many different tongues by Sven Knudsen, and of the friendliness of everyone, Scouts, Scouters and visitors. It was a demonstration, more even than Olympia could have been, of the Law that ‘A Scout is a Friend to all and a Brother to every other Scout.’ If I have dealt at such length with the Second World Jamboree, it is because it was a prophecy of things to come, and well merited B.-P.’s final judgment: Copenhagen 1924 will always stand out in my mind as a tangible example of the Scout spirit in practice; as a big step forward in-International Scouting; and – above all – as a straw showing that the wind is blowing quietly, but none the less surely, in the right direction.

The Third International Conference was held in the Town Hall in. Copenhagen, when the Scouts were enjoying the hospitality of their Danish hosts in their homes. This, again, has been a feature of most, if not all, subsequent Jamborees, and adds greatly to their educational value. Thirty-two countries were represented at the Conference, which was also opened by Rear-Admiral Carstensen in his breezy manner. Two important resolutions were passed which were to guide and guard World Scouting down the years. These signposts still stand. First, and all-important: The Scout Movement has no tendency to weaken, but, on the contrary, to strengthen individual religious belief. The Scout Law requires that a Scout shall truly and sincerely practise his religion, and the policy of the Movement forbids any kind of sectarian propaganda at gatherings of mixed faiths. The second outlined an important matter of policy and procedure: This Conference desires to emphasise that in pursuance of the main object of the International Bureau, applications from national Boy Scout organisations for registration are not only welcomed, but cordially invited. To preserve the essential unity of the world Boy Scout Movement and to ensure that the world Movement shall have as its unalterable foundation the recognition of Scout Brotherhood, regardless of race, creed or class, certain conditions are essential. It is the sense of this Conference that the International Committee, in adjudicating on applications for registration, apart from compliance with ordinary conditions, should in so far as possible insist: (a) that where more than one organisation exists there shall be a federation based on the common Scout objective; (b) that there should be no discrimination as to admission to membership to fellow subjects or citizens for any reason of race, creed or politics. In the wording may be detected the hand or voice of James E. West, Chief Scout Executive of the Boy Scouts of America from its foundation. He acted as Chairman of the Conference Resolutions Committee right through to 1939, when he was elected a Member of the International Committee.


Kilder og eksterne henvisninger