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10.A Scout is clean in thought, word and deed
 
10.A Scout is clean in thought, word and deed
  
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Scout Promise
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fra WP:en
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{{TOC right}}
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Since the publication of ''[[Scouting for Boys]]'' in 1908, all Scouts and Guides around the world have taken a Scout (or Guide) promise or oath to live up to ideals of the movement, and subscribed to a [[Scout Law]]. The wording of the '''Scout Promise''' (or Oath) and Scout Law have varied slightly over time and from country to country. Some national organization promises are given below. Although most Scouting and Guiding organizations use the word 'promise', a few such as the [[Boy Scouts of America]] tend to use 'oath' instead. Typically, Scouts and Guides will make the [[Three-finger salute (Scouts)|three-fingered Scout Sign]] when reciting the promise.
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==Original 1908 text==
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In his original book on boy scouting, Baden-Powell introduced the Scout Promise, as follows:<ref name="SfB">{{cite book | first = Lieut.-General R. S. S. | last = Baden-Powell, C.B., F.R.G.S. |authorlink = Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell | title = [[Scouting for Boys]] | edition = Part I | year = 1908 | publisher = Horace Cox | location = Windsor House, Bream's Buildings, London E.C. | page = 40}}</ref>
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{{quotation|<poem>Before he becomes a scout, a boy must take the scout's oath, thus:
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On my honour I promise that---
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# I will do my duty to God and the King.
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# I will do my best to help others, whatever it costs me.
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# I know the scout law, and will obey it.
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While taking this oath the scout will stand, holding his right hand raised level with his shoulder, palm to the front, thumb resting on the nail of the digitus minimus (little finger) and the other three fingers upright, pointing upwards:---
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This is the scout's salute and secret sign.</poem>}}
  
== B-P's scout law ==
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==World Organization of the Scout Movement requirements==
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The form of the promise has varied slightly from country to country and over time, but must fulfill the requirements of the [[World Organization of the Scout Movement]] (WOSM) to qualify a National Scout Organization for membership. Together with clarifying its [[Scout Law]], the Constitution of WOSM states:<ref name="constitution">{{cite web |url=http://www.scout.org/en/content/download/13661/118988/file/WOSMconstitutionE.pdf |title = WOSM Constitution and By-Laws |publisher = World Scout Bureau |accessdate = 2007-03-10 |date = July 1983, April 2000}}</ref>
  
fra WP:en
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{{quotation|'''Article II, paragraph 2: "Adherence to a Promise and Law"'''
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All members of the Scout Movement are required to adhere to a Scout Promise and Law reflecting, in language appropriate to the culture and civilization of each National Scout Organization and approved by the World Organization, the principles of Duty to God, Duty to others and Duty to self, and inspired by the Promise and Law conceived by the Founder of the Scout Movement in the following terms:
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'''The Scout Promise'''
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<poem>On my honour I promise that I will do my best—
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To do my duty to God and the King (or to God and my Country)
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To help other people at all times and
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To obey the Scout Law. </poem>}}
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In order to accommodate many different religions within Scouting, "God" may refer to a higher power, and is not specifically restricted to the God of the monotheistic religions. The WOSM Constitution explains "Duty to God" as "Adherence to spiritual principles, loyalty to the religion that expresses them and acceptance of the duties resulting therefrom."
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The [[World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts]] (WAGGGS), which is a sister organization to WOSM, has the very same wording in their constitution (Part I, Article 2: Original Promise),<ref name="constitution-wagggs">{{cite web
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|url = http://www.wagggsworld.org/en/grab/1109/1/1ConstitutionbookletEnglish.pdf
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|format=PDF|title = WAGGGS Constitution and Bye-Laws
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|publisher = WAGGGS World Bureau
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|accessdate = 2007-03-10
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|date = December 1936, June 2005
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}}</ref> and follows similar policies.
  
1.  A SCOUT'S HONOUR IS TO BE TRUSTED. If a scout says "On my honour it is so," that means it is so, just as if he had taken a most solemn oath. Similarly, if a scout officer says to a scout, "I trust you on your honour to do this," the Scout is bound to carry out the order to the very best of his ability, and to let nothing interfere with his doing so. If a scout were to break his honour by telling a lie, or by not carrying out an order exactly when trusted on his honour to do so, he would cease to be a scout, and must hand over his scout badge and never be allowed to wear it again.
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===Alternative promises===
2. A SCOUT IS LOYAL to the King, and to his officers, and to his country, and to his employers. He must stick to them through thick and thin against anyone who is their enemy, or who even talks badly of them.
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Although the Constitution of WOSM states that the Promise should include a reference to Duty to ''God'',<ref name="constitution"/> [[Lord Baden-Powell]] approved the use of promises with reference to a ''higher ideal'', ''higher truth'', an optional reference to God, or without a reference to God, for  Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Finland.<ref name="FundPrinc">{{cite web
3. A SCOUT'S DUTY IS TO BE USEFUL AND TO HELP OTHERS. And he is to do his duty before anything else, even though he gives up his own pleasure, or comfort, or safety to do it. When in difficulty to know which of two things to do, he must ask himself, "Which is my duty?" that is, "Which is best for other people?"---and do that one. He must Be Prepared at any time to save life, or to help injured persons. And he must do a good turn to somebody every day.
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|title=Report on the Discussion on the Fundamental Principles of WAGGGS and WOSM
4. A SCOUT IS A FRIEND TO ALL, AND A BROTHER TO EVERY OTHER SCOUT, NO MATTER TO WHAT SOCIAL CLASS THE OTHER BELONGS. If a scout meets another scout, even though a stranger to him, he must speak to him, and help him in any way that he can, either to carry out the duty he is then doing, or by giving him food, or, as far as possible, anything that he may be in want of. A scout must never be a SNOB. A snob is one who looks down upon another because he is poorer, or who is poor and resents another because he is rich. A scout accepts the other man as he finds him, and makes the best of him -- "Kim," the boy scout, was called by the Indians "Little friend of all the world," and that is the name which every scout should earn for himself.
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|author=[[World Organization of the Scout Movement|WOSM]] and [[WAGGGS]]
5. A SCOUT IS COURTEOUS: That is, he is polite to all—but especially to women and children and old people and invalids, cripples, etc. And he must not take any reward for being helpful or courteous.
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|date=13 June 2001
6. A SCOUT IS A FRIEND TO ANIMALS. He should save them as far as possible from pain, and should not kill any animal unnecessarily, even if it is only a fly---for it is one of God's creatures.
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|pages=7–8
7. A SCOUT OBEYS ORDERS of his patrol-leader, or scout master without question. Even if he gets an order he does not like, he must do as soldiers and sailors do, he must carry it out all the same because it is his duty; and after he has done it he can come and state any reasons against it: but he must carry out the order at once. That is discipline.
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|accessdate=6 August 2009
8. A SCOUT SMILES AND WHISTLES under all circumstances. When he gets an order he should obey it cheerily and readily, not in a slow, hang-dog sort of way. Scouts never grouse at hardships, nor whine at each other, nor swear when put out. When you just miss a train, or some one treads on your favourite corn---not that a scout ought to have such things as corns--- or under any annoying circumstances, you should force yourself to smile at once, and then whistle a tune, and you will be all right. A scout goes about with a smile on and whistling. It cheers him and cheers other people, especially in time of danger, for he keeps it up then all the same. The punishment for swearing or bad language is for each offence a mug of cold water to be poured down the offender's sleeve by the other scouts.
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|url=http://www.ppoe.at/scoutdocs/relationships/wagggs_wosm_rel.pdf
9. A SCOUT IS THRIFTY, that is, he saves every penny he can, and puts it in the bank, so that he may have money to keep himself when out of work, and thus not make himself a burden to others; or that he may have money to give away to others when they need it.
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}}</ref> Three of these countries still offer this alternative promise ([[Scout Promise#France|France]], [[Scout Promise#The Netherlands|the Netherlands]] and [[Scout Promise#Czech Republic|Czech Republic]]). WOSM stated in 1932 that no new exceptions would be made and expressed the hope that the few remaining countries would stop using a promise without any reference to Duty to God.<ref name="FundPrinc"/>
  
These were written for the Scouts in the whole world, yet of course firstly focused on Scouting in the United Kingdom. As other groups started up Scouting organizations (often in other countries), each modified the laws, for instance 'loyal to the King' would be replaced by the equivalent text appropriate for each country.
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The [[Scouting in Israel|Israeli Scouts]], though founded in 1919/1920, and joining WOSM in 1951 and WAGGGS in 1963, also have no 'duty to God' or apparent equivalent in their promise.<ref>{{cite web
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| last =
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| first =
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| authorlink =
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| coauthors =
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| title = FRIENDS OF ISRAEL SCOUTS: ABOUT THE TZOFIM'S OATH & COMMANDMENTS
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| work =
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| publisher =
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| date =
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| url = http://www.israelscouts.org/scouts_oath.html
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| doi =
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| accessdate = 2009-08-25
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| archiveurl =
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http://web.archive.org/web/20071204205905/http://www.israelscouts.org/scouts_oath.html
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| archivedate =
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2007-12-04}}</ref>
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<!-- Looking at their promise shows they don't have it. Someone who knows Hebrew may want to look at http://www.zofim.org.il/ and check. It is also possible that some of the subgroups have different promises. -->
  
During the years, Baden-Powell himself edited the text numerous times, notably in 1911 adding:
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In 1969, the [[Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs israélites de France]] decided to discontinue using the reference to ''God'' due to its inconsistency with religious beliefs and practices from a [[Names of God in Judaism|Jewish perspective]]. Use of the word God (Dieu), derived from Zeus, can be seen as an inappropriate pagan reference in Jewish texts or education.<ref>{{cite web
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| last =
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| first =
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| authorlink =
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| coauthors =
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| title = Promesses des éclaireuses et éclaireurs israélites de France
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| work =
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| publisher =
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| date =
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| url = http://fr.scoutwiki.org/Promesses_des_%C3%A9claireuses_et_%C3%A9claireurs_isra%C3%A9lites_de_France
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| format =
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| doi =
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| accessdate = 2009-08-25}}</ref><ref>{{cite web
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| last =
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| first =
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| authorlink =
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| coauthors =
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| title = Paracha Ki Tétsé 576 : Dieu ou Bon Dieu ?
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| work =
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| publisher =
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| date =
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| url =http://www.eeif.org/paradet.php?recordID=118
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| format =
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| doi =
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| accessdate = 2009-08-25}}</ref>
  
    A SCOUT IS CLEAN IN THOUGHT, WORD AND DEED. Decent Scouts look down upon silly youths who talk dirt, and they do not let themselves give way to temptation, either to talk it or to do anything dirty. A Scout is pure, and clean-minded, and manly.
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==Non-WOSM Scouting==
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Scout sections that follow [[traditional Scouting]], such as [[Baden-Powell Scouts]] within the [[World Federation of Independent Scouts]], use several promises including the original Scout promise above that includes the reference to God.<ref>{{cite web
 +
| url = http://www.bpscouting.org/
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| title = BP Scouting
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| accessdate = 2007-03-10
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| author =
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| publisher = BP Scouting
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}}</ref> Some, however, for example the 1st Tarrant Scout Group in [[Fort Worth]], [[Texas]] use a blend of the original promise<ref>{{cite web
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| url = http://www.1sttarrantbpscouts.org/Intro.html
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| title = B-P Scouts Introduction
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| accessdate = 2007-03-10
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| author =
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| publisher = 1st Tarrant Baden-Powell Scouts
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}}</ref> and the "Outlander Promise" which, "according to tradition", B-P wrote for Scouts that had to omit the reference to God or a monarch for reasons of conscience.<ref>{{cite web
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| url = http://www.inquiry.net/ideals/b-p/law.htm
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| title = B-P Law & Promise
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| accessdate = 2007-03-10
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| author =
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| publisher = Inquiry Net
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}}</ref>

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The Scout Promise (WOSM 2014)

On my honour I promise that I will do my best —

  • To do my duty to God and the King (or to God and my Country);
  • To help other people at all times;
  • To obey the Scout Law.

The Scout Law 1.A Scout’s honour is to be trusted. 2.A Scout is loyal. 3.A Scout’s duty is to be useful and to help others. 4.AScout is a friend to all and a brother to everyother Scout. 5.A Scout is courteous. 6.A Scout is a friend to animals. 7.A Scout obeys orders of his parents, Patrol Leader or Scoutmaster without question. 8.A Scout smiles and whistles under all difficulties. 9.A Scout is thrifty. 10.A Scout is clean in thought, word and deed

Scout Promise fra WP:en Skabelon:TOC right Since the publication of Scouting for Boys in 1908, all Scouts and Guides around the world have taken a Scout (or Guide) promise or oath to live up to ideals of the movement, and subscribed to a Scout Law. The wording of the Scout Promise (or Oath) and Scout Law have varied slightly over time and from country to country. Some national organization promises are given below. Although most Scouting and Guiding organizations use the word 'promise', a few such as the Boy Scouts of America tend to use 'oath' instead. Typically, Scouts and Guides will make the three-fingered Scout Sign when reciting the promise.

Original 1908 text

In his original book on boy scouting, Baden-Powell introduced the Scout Promise, as follows:[1]

Skabelon:Quotation

World Organization of the Scout Movement requirements

The form of the promise has varied slightly from country to country and over time, but must fulfill the requirements of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) to qualify a National Scout Organization for membership. Together with clarifying its Scout Law, the Constitution of WOSM states:[2]

Skabelon:Quotation

In order to accommodate many different religions within Scouting, "God" may refer to a higher power, and is not specifically restricted to the God of the monotheistic religions. The WOSM Constitution explains "Duty to God" as "Adherence to spiritual principles, loyalty to the religion that expresses them and acceptance of the duties resulting therefrom."

The World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS), which is a sister organization to WOSM, has the very same wording in their constitution (Part I, Article 2: Original Promise),[3] and follows similar policies.

Alternative promises

Although the Constitution of WOSM states that the Promise should include a reference to Duty to God,[2] Lord Baden-Powell approved the use of promises with reference to a higher ideal, higher truth, an optional reference to God, or without a reference to God, for Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Finland.[4] Three of these countries still offer this alternative promise (France, the Netherlands and Czech Republic). WOSM stated in 1932 that no new exceptions would be made and expressed the hope that the few remaining countries would stop using a promise without any reference to Duty to God.[4]

The Israeli Scouts, though founded in 1919/1920, and joining WOSM in 1951 and WAGGGS in 1963, also have no 'duty to God' or apparent equivalent in their promise.[5]

In 1969, the Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs israélites de France decided to discontinue using the reference to God due to its inconsistency with religious beliefs and practices from a Jewish perspective. Use of the word God (Dieu), derived from Zeus, can be seen as an inappropriate pagan reference in Jewish texts or education.[6][7]

Non-WOSM Scouting

Scout sections that follow traditional Scouting, such as Baden-Powell Scouts within the World Federation of Independent Scouts, use several promises including the original Scout promise above that includes the reference to God.[8] Some, however, for example the 1st Tarrant Scout Group in Fort Worth, Texas use a blend of the original promise[9] and the "Outlander Promise" which, "according to tradition", B-P wrote for Scouts that had to omit the reference to God or a monarch for reasons of conscience.[10]

  1. Baden-Powell, C.B., F.R.G.S., Lieut.-General R. S. S. (1908). Scouting for Boys (Part I udg.). Windsor House, Bream's Buildings, London E.C.: Horace Cox. p. 40. 
  2. 2,0 2,1 WOSM Constitution and By-Laws. World Scout Bureau. July 1983, April 2000. http://www.scout.org/en/content/download/13661/118988/file/WOSMconstitutionE.pdf. Hentet 2007-03-10. 
  3. (PDF)WAGGGS Constitution and Bye-Laws. WAGGGS World Bureau. December 1936, June 2005. http://www.wagggsworld.org/en/grab/1109/1/1ConstitutionbookletEnglish.pdf. Hentet 2007-03-10. 
  4. 4,0 4,1 WOSM and WAGGGS (13 June 2001). Report on the Discussion on the Fundamental Principles of WAGGGS and WOSM. pp. 7–8. http://www.ppoe.at/scoutdocs/relationships/wagggs_wosm_rel.pdf. Hentet 6 August 2009. 
  5. FRIENDS OF ISRAEL SCOUTS: ABOUT THE TZOFIM'S OATH & COMMANDMENTS. http://www.israelscouts.org/scouts_oath.html. Hentet 2009-08-25.  Arkiveret 2007-12-04.
  6. Promesses des éclaireuses et éclaireurs israélites de France. http://fr.scoutwiki.org/Promesses_des_%C3%A9claireuses_et_%C3%A9claireurs_isra%C3%A9lites_de_France. Hentet 2009-08-25. 
  7. Paracha Ki Tétsé 576 : Dieu ou Bon Dieu ?. http://www.eeif.org/paradet.php?recordID=118. Hentet 2009-08-25. 
  8. BP Scouting. BP Scouting. http://www.bpscouting.org/. Hentet 2007-03-10. 
  9. B-P Scouts Introduction. 1st Tarrant Baden-Powell Scouts. http://www.1sttarrantbpscouts.org/Intro.html. Hentet 2007-03-10. 
  10. B-P Law & Promise. Inquiry Net. http://www.inquiry.net/ideals/b-p/law.htm. Hentet 2007-03-10.